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Table 1 Research and development of master-slave surgical robots

From: Robots in laparoscopic surgery: current and future status

Company Target Disease Mechanism and Drive Configuration Status
Intuitive Surgical da Vinci Xi (USA) MIS Multi-port Link + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with four arms FDA approved Clinical use worldwide
TransEnterix Senhanse (USA) MIS Multi-port Link + Electrical motor Master console and separated slave robot arms FDA approved
CMR surgical Verisus (UK) MIS Multi-port Link + Electrical motor Master console and separated slave human like robot arms Under development
Meere Revo-I (Korea) MIS Multi-port Link + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with four arms Clinical use in Korea
RiverField (Japan) MIS Multi-port Flexible joint + Pneumatic Master console and slave patient cart with arms Under development
Intuitive Surgical da Vinci Sp (USA) MIS Single-port Flexible joint + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with single arm FDA approved
Titan Medical SPORT (Canada) MIS Single-port Flexible joint + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with single arm Under development
EndoMaster (Singapore) NOTES Transoral surgery Flexible joint + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with single arm Clinical trial
Auris, Monarch Platform (USA) NOTES Lung cancer Flexible joint + Electrical motor Master console and slave patient cart with single arm Clinical trial