Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 List of Gait Parameters for Frailty Assessment

From: Assessment of frailty: a survey of quantitative and clinical methods

  Gait Parameters Studies Device Clinical Test Frailty Assessment
1 Gait Velocity M. Schwenk et al. [26], A. Martinez-Ramirez et al. [42, 54], E. Gianaria et al. [19], N. Milor et al. [59], B. Hotrabhavananda et al. [48], A. Dubois et al. [62], A. Prochazka et al. [24] 5 Inertial Sensor Unit Shank, Thighs And Lower Back [26], Tri-Axial Inertial Orientation [42], Kinect Sensor [19, 24, 48, 62], Single IMU on L3 [59], Tri-Axial Inertial Sensor Lumbar Spine (L3) Acceleration Signal(Vertical Direction Only) [54] Walk of 4.5 m [26], 3m Walk Test [42], TUG [19, 48, 59], 3m Walk Test, F8W [48], 5m Walk Test [54] Pre-Classified Using The Fried Phenotype [26, 59], Pre-frail, Frail and Robust [42], Correlation of TFI, TUG and Gait Parameters [19], Classified as Frail, Frail with Mild Cognitive and Robust [54]
2 Step And Stride Regularity, Approximate Entropy, Harmonic Ratio(HR), Total Harmonic Distortion A. Martinez-Ramirezet al. [42] [54] Tri-Axial Inertial Orientation [42], Tri-axial Inertial Sensor Lumbar Spine (L3) Acceleration Signal (Vertical Direction Only)[54] 3 m Walk Test [42], 5m Walk Test [54] Pre-Frail, Frail and Robust [42], Classified as Frail, Frail with Mild Cognitive and Robust [54]
3 Gait Symmetry A. Martinez-Ramirez et al. [42] Tri-Axial Inertial Orientation [42] 3m Walk Test [42] Pre-frail, Frail and Robust [42]
4 Gait Variability A. Martinez-Ramirez et al. [54] Tri-Axial Inertial Sensor Lumbar Spine (L3) Acceleration Signal (Vertical Direction Only) [54] 5m Walk Test [54] Classified as Frail, Frail with Mild Cognitive and Robust [54]
5 Signal Root Mean Square (RMS) Value A.Martinez-Ramirez et al. [42] Tri-Axial Inertial Orientation [42] 3m Walk Test [42] Pre-Frail, Frail and Robust [42]
6 Stride Length M. Schwenk et al. [26], Hotrabhavananda et al. [48], A. Procházka el. [24, 46, 47], N.A. Capela et al. [45], 5 Inertial Sensor Unit Shank, Thighs and Lower Back [26], Kinect [24, 4648], Smartphone [45] Walk of 4.5m [24, 26], TUG and F8W [48], 2–6 min Walk Test [45], Walk 4m (back and forth) five Times [47] Pre-Classified Using the Fried Phenotype [26]
7 Stride Time M. Schwenk et al.[26], Hotrabhavananda et al. [48] 5 Inertial Sensor Unit Shank, Thighs and Lower Back [26], Kinect [48] Walk of 4.5m [26], TUG and F8W [48] Pre-Classified using the Fried Phenotype [26]
8 Double Support M. Schwenk et al. [26] E. Gianaria et al. [19] 5 Inertial Sensor Unit Shank, Thighs and Lower Back [26], Kinect Sensor [19] Walk of 4.5m [26], TUG [19] Pre-Classified Using the Fried Phenotype [26],Correlation of TFI, TUG and Gait Parameters [19]
9 Swing Time E. Gianaria et al. [19] Kinect Sensor [19] TUG [19] Correlation of TFI, TUG and Gait Parameters [19]
10 Stride Velocity M. Schwenk et al. [26] 5 inertial sensor unit shank, thighs and lower back [26] Walk of 4.5m [26] Pre-classified using the Fried Phenotype [26]
11 Cadence N.A. Capela et al. [45] Smart Phone [45] 2–6 min Walk Test [45]  
12 Dual Task Gait Patterns A. Martinez-Ramirez et al. [54], O. Beauchet et al. [67] Tri-Axial Inertial Sensor Lumbar Spine (L3) Acceleration Signal (Vertical Direction Only) [54], 5 m Walk Test [54], Walk 10 m and Perform Two Cognitive Tasks Dual Task [67] Classified as Frail, Frail with Mild Cognitive and Robust [54], Pre-Classified using Speechley and Tinetti Criterion [67]
13 Foot Strikes,, Pelvis Acceleration, Number of Steps, Length Distance Traveled N.A. Capela et al. [45] Smart Phone [45] 2–6 min Walk Test [45]  
14 Number Of Steps N.A. Capela et al. [45], O. Beauchet et al. [67] Smart Phone [45] 2–6 min Walk Test [45], Walk 10 m and Perform Two Cognitive Dual Tasks [67] Pre-Classified using Speechley and Tinetti Criterion [67]
15 Step Time A. Dubois et al. [62], N.A. Capela et al. [45] Kinect [62], Smart Phone [45] 2–6 min Walk Test [45]  
16 Step Length A. Dubois et al. [62] Kinect [62]   
17 Toe-off speed, Mid-Swing speed, Mid-stance speed, propulsion duration, propulsion acceleration and speed norm H.Rahemi. [43] Inertial Sensor [43] Walking Test [43] Pre-Classified using the Fried Phenotype [43]